High dimensional data visualisation for systematic FX trading
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Evaluating the effect of training period length on the performance of machine learning algorithms
Does more data mean better models? Maybe not for neural network systematic FX trading strategies. In this paper, we explain a qualitative approach to estimating the optimal look-back window size to create training sets for deep neural network-based FX strategies.
Explaining the problem: class over-representation vs. lack of data dilemma
Machine learning-based systematic FX trading algorithms utilise training sets to learn optimal model parameters. These training sets are usually constructed from various time series, sometimes with different granularities, and the main training set is usually split into several subsets to perform training, validation, model selection, and (simulated) out-of-sample evaluation.
A common approach to extracting training samples from raw sequential data is to allocate a (temporal) look-back window (LBW) length. To capture the latest market trends, these LBWs are usually selected to be close in time to the out-of-sample period. Different LBW sizes generate different training sets with their own specific statistical features. In Figure 1 we show daily spot FX rates for four (example) currency pairs. While the gray area shows the out-of-sample (test) range, various LBWs (shown as yellow arrows) can be used to construct different training sets.
The captured samples within the selected LBW range are then pre-processed and prepared for the next steps. Stationarity analysis may be necessary if the statistics of the signal change over time. Another step could be normalisation: the input signal to a machine learning pipeline is usually normalised, which can be an extremely important part of its learning performance.
FIGURE 1: LOOK-BACK WINDOWS (LBWs)
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